Because many users of Nikon cameras are eager for the best possible information about functions and lenses, we have prepared the text below in which you will find brief explanations for 6 of the possible uses of Nikon lenses, as well as how you can access them from menu or directly from the lens controls.
Instead of flipping through cluttered and expensive textbooks, you can familiarize yourself with Nikon lenses and features that you can enjoy if you go through the paragraphs we have prepared. This way, you will have more time to experience new settings knowingly.
Vibration reduction function
This feature is abbreviated as VR (Vibration Reduction) and is a technology designed to compensate for the movements made by the photographer's hand or to which the moving equipment is subjected. You can also use VR when you want to take photos in an unfavorable environment, ie in the wind or in low light.
To compensate for camera shake and minimize blurring, VR lenses can be set to Normal mode (when the camera is stationary) or Active mode (when used in a car or boat, for example). On some cameras the function is activated from the photo menu, and others have an ON button on the surface of the lens. You will notice that the selection appears on the information display. If you use a tripod, the function can be disabled, although it is not necessary. It is also recommended for lenses with large lenses.
When using the vibration reduction function you can press the shutter button halfway to stabilize the image before taking the photo. You will also have a longer exposure time of up to 4.0 stops, allowing you a wider range of possible exposures.
Automatic distortion control
There are two types of distortion specific to photography: barrel distortion and pillow distortion. Barrel distortion usually occurs with wide-angle lenses, resulting in a curved image from the center to the outside. Pillow distortion occurs in the case of long telephoto lenses, and consists of an image drawn from the corners to the center.
The distortion control is activated in the device menu by selecting the 'Active' option. This function cannot be used for movies and will increase the processing time before recording the photo. You can use this function if you have an E or G type lens.
Using the Snapbridge application you can download photos to a mobile device, to check for distortions in a short time.
Manual focus can be used when you do not have autofocus or it does not produce results. Sometimes you can try to use both focus and filter or hue adjustments in manual mode, provided you opt for Monochrome photos.
Depending on the type of lens, you will notice that it has a switch inscribed with AM, M / AM or A / MM. To use manual focus you must select the letter M. Lenses that do not have this type of selection can be used for manual focus directly from the 'i' button menu, using MF (manual focus).
Then all you have to do is adjust the lens ring to get a clear picture. When manual focus is on, you can take photos even if the subject is not in focus. You cannot use the focus ring when the camera or standby timer is turned off. On some series of devices, such as the D5200, the focus position is reset when the camera is restarted.
Nikkor lenses have the AF or AF-S specification in the first part of the name. If you want the best Nikon lens , you will probably find it among them. These letters designate the ability of a lens to automatically focus on the subject.
The difference between the two product types is that the AF-S can be used on any DSLR camera, because they have incorporated the "Silent Wave Motor". The AF series lenses are operational only in combination with one of the following camera ranges: D90, D7000, D300s, D700, D800, D3S, D3X and D4.
The adjustment is done automatically, and the focus ring can also be used to focus the camera when the shutter-release button is held down halfway or if you press the AF-ON button. This type of operation is called "manual focus with manual override". The second press on one of the two buttons will resume autofocus.
You should know that if you touch the focus ring while activating the autofocus function, the focus position will change.
In order to obtain a very clear image, you can use the reference data. Images captured in this way can be used for photos taken with different lenses or apertures. This type of data is displayed on the camera as a network model. Based on the reference data, the dust removal function from the image is used. It is a function available for E and G type lenses, and the focal length of the lens must be at least 50 mm. In the case of zoom lenses, the maximum zoom must be used.
An online manual can tell you how to get it, whether it's Capture NX-D or Capture NX-2. First you need to choose the option to get the data from the Start selection. The message “rEF” will appear on the screen. The next step is to frame in the viewfinder a white object, without features, located about 10 cm from the lens. With the shutter button halfway, set the focus to infinity for manual focus; when you use autofocus, this happens by itself.
The last stage is the trigger, at which point the display screen will close. If the image is not too dark or too bright, you have obtained the data you need.
It is a simple but essential function, and depending on what format of photos you want it can be very helpful.
The zoom is set before focusing, by rotating the zoom ring for framing and focal length. You can enlarge the subject to occupy as large an area of the frame as possible or you can reduce it to capture as large an area of the visual range as possible.
To zoom in you need to select a larger focal length and a smaller distance to reduce the subject with this function.