Some PCs are now sold without an operating system. However, installing Windows 10 on them is easy if you follow this complete tutorial. You don't have to be an expert in this regard. The same operations will be valid in case of reinstalling the operating system.
If you buy Windows 10 online or if your laptop does not have a DVD drive, the best alternative to installing this operating system is to use a USB flash drive. However, installing Windows 10 with a DVD-Rom follows the same principle. You just have to follow the different steps we list in this article.
Minimum hardware requirements for installing and running Windows 10
To install Windows 10, you need to make sure that your device can technically support all system applications. Thus, make sure that the laptop meets some minimum requirements of windows 10. The processor must have 1 gigahertz (GHz) or more, as well as 1 gigabyte (GB) (32 bit) or 2 GB (64 bit) RAM.
Other windows 10 system requirements include free space on the 16 GB hard disk and Microsoft DirectX 9 graphics card with WDDM graphics driver. In addition to the hardware requirements mentioned above for windows 10, additional requirements include an internet connection (to activate Windows, connect to the Microsoft Store, download updates, etc.) and a Microsoft account (to connect to the Windows 10 account).
Also, for windows 10, system requirements also mean a screen resolution of at least 1024 x 768, to access the Microsoft Store and to install some necessary applications. Technical preview Windows 10 is available in English, Simplified Chinese and Brazilian Portuguese.
While most computers are sold today with the Romanian windows 10 package installed by default, it is not uncommon for them to be delivered empty, without an operating system, or with free dos installed . A free dos operating system is a maneuver that allows manufacturers to lower the price of computers. For these computers – often laptops – the windows installation operation is far from instinctive.
However, the process is not very complicated, and the instructions can be used by those who want to reinstall windows 10 after a system crash or when changing SSD / hard disk. All you have to do is go through this windows 10 installation tutorial.
Create the installation media
Before you learn how to install windows 10 , the first step is to create the installation media. If you have multiple hard disks in your computer, we recommend that you disconnect them before starting the installation. Leave only the disk that will host Windows 10. It is also recommended to install windows 10 on ssd as a system disk, in order to use Windows 10 in optimal conditions.
Burn the Windows 10 ISO image to DVD. You will need installation support to complete the installation of Windows 10. Connect your computer to the Internet using a wired network cable. It is not necessary, but recommended, to be able to associate a Microsoft account with your new windows 10 installation on your laptop.
If you do not have windows 10 on your dvd , because installation DVDs are more and more often forgotten, you can use a windows 10 bootable stick , a support that should be configured from a computer that is already running Windows. But before creating this tool, it is good to perform a stick formatting.
Access the BIOS
BIOS (Basic Input Output System) is a preinstalled software that comes with each motherboard. Controls how the computer starts, as well as many other details about the computer. When you first see a BIOS in action, it may seem a little intimidating with the many settings, but don't worry, because the default settings are usually exactly what you need if you don't know how to install windows 10 .
If it does not appear after turning on the computer, press ESCAPE, DELETE, F1, F2, F8 or F10 on the keyboard to access the BIOS. The button for accessing the BIOS will depend on the motherboard.
Once the BIOS appears, you will notice either a very old basic menu screen, which can only be accessed with keyboard commands, or a more modern BIOS with mouse access. However, go to the BOOT section using the keys on the keyboard (and press Enter or Escape (Ent or Esc) to go back and forth) or using the mouse for a modern BIOS.
You probably need to change one thing, which is the boot order, which dictates the device that your PC first encounters during boot and you will need to configure it on the installation disk or on a bootable windows 10 usb , in depending on how you install the system.
You should see a list of devices listed in order of priority. You can configure the system to boot from a hard disk, optical drive, CD-ROM drive, or an external device, such as a USB flash drive. Configure the order so that Windows media (disk or USB) is set as the first boot device for installing Windows 10, on the stick or other media .
With some motherboards, you won't have to do this, as the system will be automatically configured to recognize your USB drive for windows 10, cd or dvd when you insert it and turn on your computer.
So, don't hesitate to test it: insert the Windows media (if it is a CD, you will have to start the computer to access the optical drive, then press reset), then start again. If the option to install windows 10, on the new laptop, is immediately displayed on the screen, you can skip to the next step.
If the message "microsoft installer cannot be found or loaded" will appear on the screen, you should try to reinstall it, preferably after removing any previous version. The same remedies should be tried if microsoft installer cannot be found.
Install the system
If you are curious to find out how to install windows 10, the first step is to choose the installation language as well as the keyboard. Although most users prefer English, you can choose for windows 10, manual, Romanian . Go to the next step by clicking Next, then Install now.
Then, the installation process will ask you to enter the Windows 10 license key. Don't panic if you don't have one – or you don't have the activation code – you can continue with the installation without a serial number by clicking on "I don't have a product key" . In this case, you should select the version of Windows 10 that you want to install. If your question is " what windows 10 should I install?" , select Windows 10 Home. It will always be possible to switch to the professional version later, the reverse being more difficult. By doing so, Windows 10 will be installed and active for 15 days, then it will be usable only by entering a valid key. It remains to accept the terms of the user agreement, then click Next.
At this point, a dialog box prompts you to choose between a Windows update or a custom installation. The first option is only valid if you are wondering " how do I reinstall windows 10?" or if a copy of Windows is already present on your computer (version 7 or higher). If an older version of Windows or even 10 is installed on your laptop, you have the option to recover files and applications by opting for a Windows update. On the other hand, if you choose to install Windows, all documents and files on your hard drive will be overwritten during installation. Therefore, it is recommended to save them on a External HDD.
To perform a clean windows 10 installation, ie on a computer without an operating system, the next step is to select the location where Windows 10 will be installed: an SSD or a hard disk. Although it is often silenced, choosing the partition is the most important step if I want to know how to install windows 10 efficiently .
If you want windows 10, the installation being made on a drive that already has files or an already existing Windows installation (7, 8, 10, it doesn't matter), you will find that the free space is smaller than the total size of the drive. In this case, simply select the disk that will host the new installation of Windows 10 and click the "Format" button. After your confirmation, the disc will become empty again. Go to the next step by clicking the "Next" button.
In case of installation on a new computer, you will see the hard disk with a total size equal to the free space. Normal because the disc is empty and has never been used. So, if the laptop is empty, there is no risk, you can select the first storage medium from the list (or SSD if the PC has both an SSD and a hard disk). You will validate the choice by simply clicking on Next, after which the actual installation process of windows 10 on laptop, Lenovo or another brand begins. At the end of the operation, a countdown appears. You can then disconnect the support. Then, the computer will restart and start running Windows 10. The same steps are followed to install windows 10 on the tablet.
Windows is now installed on your computer and you need to go through a few more configuration steps. Windows 10 then tries to connect to the Internet. If a network cable is connected, the operation is transparent. In the case of a laptop, it detects the presence of the Wi-Fi module and then proposes the list of access points. Select yours (Wi-Fi or router), then enter the password and you will be connected to the Internet.
Configure the operating system
After answering the question " how do I install windows?" , there is one last step: setting up Windows 10. Now you can remove the installation media, because everything will be done from the hard disk. Also at this stage, you can choose to disable the windows 10 password.
The software will ask you some basic questions, such as the country you are in or the language of the keyboard. Go to the network configuration, where you will be asked to connect to Wi-Fi (if you have a cable connected to the computer, the step will be automatically omitted). Those who juggle different types of keyboards can add a second language (English, French or German, for example). At this point Cortana – Microsoft's virtual assistant – will speak. By clicking on the microphone button, in the lower left, you can deactivate it.
You are then asked to enter your Microsoft account, and you cannot easily avoid this request. If you do not have an account or do not want to use it, it is best to disconnect the device from the network (disconnect its Wi-Fi and disconnect any internet cable), so that Microsoft suggests creating a local account.
Less: you have to configure Cortana, your personal Windows assistant. Similar to Google Assistant or Amazon Alexa, it will help you plan certain tasks, find information and much more. It works either by text or by voice. It's up to you if you want Microsoft to be able to record it (the recordings of your "conversations" can reach the company's servers).
Finally, you must also check if you agree that Microsoft will use your computer's location and usage data. Moreover, Microsoft wants to collect handwritten data for even greater personalization. It will also ask you whether or not you want targeted advertising.
After a few minutes, you will finally have a laptop running Windows 10.
Before updating the device drivers in the next step, now is a good time to update Windows to the latest version. You can perform this update after updating your drivers, for example, if you want to use the new computer immediately, because the Windows update may take hours, but generally we recommend that you update the system first, then the drivers.
If you simply want to disable windows 10 update, download, install and then start the StopUpdates10 or Windows Update Blocker program. Select Disable Service and click Apply Now. You can reactivate Windows Update by selecting Enable Service.