A little more than one after the start of the pandemic, the impacts of Covid-19 continue to be felt in our lives. This disease has changed our way of life by forcing us, among other things, to respect many measures of social distancing, but not only. It has also impacted life expectancy in certain regions of the globe. This is particularly the case for the United States.
In an article recently published by the Live Science site, we learn that life expectancy is in free fall in Uncle Sam's country because of Covid-19. This is the biggest drop observed in the past 40 years. One study indicated that this was directly linked to deaths from the Coronavirus.
The researchers who conducted the research indicated that the average life expectancy in the United States fell by 1.13 years in 2020.
An estimated life expectancy of 77.48 years
This study, published on January 14, 2021 in the journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS), reveals that life expectancy in the United States is now 77.48 years. Before Covid-19, the biggest drop in life expectancy in this country was seen in 2003. It rarely happens, and when it does, everyone is talking about it.
In 2015, 2016 and 2017, life expectancy in the United States fell by just 0.1 years. Among the main causes of this decline are overdoses and suicide. The study also reveals that African Americans and Latinos were the most affected by Covid-19 during the year 2020.
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Communities that are more exposed to the disease
The life expectancy of African Americans fell by 2.1 years in 2020 to 72.78 years. The life expectancy of Latinos, meanwhile, has dropped by 3.05 years to 78.77 years. In comparison, the life expectancy of Caucasian people fell 0.68 years to 77.84 years.
"The disproportionate effects of the Covid-19 pandemic on the life expectancy of African Americans and Latinos are partly due to the fact that they are more exposed to the disease due to their place of work and that they have more contact with their families. In addition, they receive poorer health care. This increases the risk of getting more serious infections, ” said study co-author Theresa Andrasfay.
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Even though the deployment of Covid-19 vaccines will help reduce the transmission of the disease in 2021, researchers do not believe it will immediately lead to an increase in life expectancy in the United States.