Cameras have evolved a lot from a technological point of view since its invention and until now, both in form and performance. Therefore, any photographer who wants to own a cheap and good camera knows that his decision must be based on technical criteria. Analyzing the offer of cameras on the commercial market, the specialists offer us some technical recommendations to help us choose the best cameras. In this analysis of camera offerings, the opinion about the cameras expressed by the users is also very important, because the concrete experience of working with them is what makes the difference between theory and practice.
Typology of cameras
We start by delimiting the three types of cameras existing on the commercial market, each with specific advantages and disadvantages.
This model has the goal set which means it cannot be changed if you want an increase in its performance. Considered more for beginners, the compact camera comes with many benefits for users:
- it is cheaper than the other models, easier and more maneuverable in any technical conditions;
- does not require advanced shooting knowledge;
- the price is low, affordable for any pocket.
This model is ideal for street photos (moving), with superior image quality to compact or DSLR; Other advantages of the mirrorless camera are:
- has a much better focus than DSLRs;
- it is easy to handle, being lighter than DSLRs;
- the price is close to that of compact models, and the quality is close to that of DSLRs.
The most advanced model of cameras is the DSLR, because it allows you to change the lens with more powerful ones. It can be considered a professional camera, due to its important advantages:
- image settings are much more complex for DSLR models;
- they have a longer lifespan
- with a DSLR camera you can take portrait and telephoto photos.
The differences in technical features, specific to the three camera models can give you an overview of the model you need and to which to turn your attention in the purchase process.
Photographer's level of experience
This is an important criterion to start with when choosing your future camera. If you only need a camera for trips and holidays, then choose a compact model of camera for, because you will have average quality at a very good price.
If you want to develop your passion for photography, then you can start with a mirroless camera, which is much more affordable than a DSLR, but gives you similar performance in terms of photo quality. When you become a professional connoisseur of photography you can buy a DSLR camera with various high-performance lenses to fully enjoy it.
This technical feature is very important for the quality of the photo you want to take. The stronger the image sensor, the better the picture in terms of quality. A good resolution of this sensor is between 20 and 25 MP, but in the case of DSLR and mirrorless cameras, an essential point in the camera gear is also occupied by the camera lens, which helps to fix the image (has image stabilizer) and rendering it in a much improved form.
Digital and optical zoom / camera lens
They are missing in the case of DSLR cameras, being found (the optical one) in the case of mirrorless cameras, but especially in compact cameras. In the latter case, the value is between 10X and 65X (for optical zoom) and 4X (digital zoom). The increased value helps to enlarge the image several times, while maintaining its quality.
For DSLR and mirrorless cameras, the role of optical zoom is taken over by the lens. This is interchangeable, which means that the value of the photo quality changes depending on the quality of the lens.
Camera resolution when shooting and filming
Quality cameras run at high resolutions: 5184 x 3888 or 6000X 4000 pixels. In terms of video shooting quality, most cameras run at a resolution of 1920 x 1080 pixels. The level of resolution for these situations also indicates the quality of photography / filming, as follows:
The camera with many additional functions and options is more powerful and guarantees you the possibility of obtaining images of impeccable quality. We list some of these functions: multi-point focusing, image stabilization, autofocus, face detection, slow synchronization, motion detection capability, taking photos in a quick sequence of frames, etc.
Battery life and battery life
High-performance devices need a battery with a high level of autonomy and resistance, given the high level of demand. Therefore, we recommend that you choose a camera that offers you a battery as durable as possible, of at least 300 frames. A high-quality device guarantees you a minimum of resistance for 500 frames, while a truly high-performance one will reach up to 1200 frames.
Generally, the warranty offered is about 24 months, and in the case of the best products, it can go up to 36 months, a maximum of 60 months. Choose cameras with the highest possible warranty to be insured in case of any technical failures that may occur over time.
The price of the camera
Although they no longer come with prohibitive prices that a few years ago, when owning a camera was a performance, the price of a high-performance camera is not low at all. It should be noted that in terms of standard cameras, anyone can afford one, given the extremely affordable prices. However, the successful ones are a serious financial investment.
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