Sometimes it happens that science fiction and science eventually come together, and that seems to be the case here. Experts working for the central astronomical observatory in Russia have just published a scientific article in which they hypothesize that certain supermassive black holes could actually lead to… wormholes. Explanations.
In astrophysics, a wormhole is a hypothetical object that would potentially be able to link together two distinct regions of space-time.
In theory, it would therefore be possible to travel instantly from one place to another in space by crossing this object.
Wormholes, theoretical objects born in the 1930s
Contrary to what one might think, the wormhole theory did not originate with Hollywood studios. It was first formulated in the mid-1930s by two key figures in contemporary physics, namely Albert Einstein and Nathan Rosen.
But at the time, of course, these objects did not have that name. It was thus not until the end of the 1950s that the term “wormhole” came into being, under the leadership of Charles W. Misner and John A. Wheeler.
And if you are wondering about its origin, then know that it comes from the analogy of the worm and the apple. By hollowing out the fruit, a fruit that became the symbol of gravity with Isaac Newton, the worm can indeed get to a point diametrically opposite to where it was.
The fact remains that if no one has yet been able to prove the existence of wormholes, theoretical studies have multiplied in recent decades.
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Supermassive black holes, portals leading to wormholes?
And the most recent comes from the central astronomical observatory in Russia.
In a study published in the Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society , these astrophysicists therefore argue that the black holes in the center of some very bright galaxies, or AGNs if you prefer, could in fact be portals leading to wormholes. .
Strange? Not completely. In fact, black holes and wormholes share many similarities. At least in theory. They are indeed both extremely dense and they also have a powerful gravitational pull.
The main difference between these two objects therefore comes from their behavior. Unlike a wormhole, nothing can indeed emerge from a black hole.
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The importance of studying black holes
Based on this observation, the researchers of this new study therefore assumed that if a black hole were to lead to a wormhole, then the material present at one side of the tunnel could potentially collide with the material located at its other end.
At the same time, this would cause the expansion of plasma spheres which could reach billions of degrees and lead to the production of powerful gamma rays.
Rays that can be detected using some of our instruments.
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So of course, at this point, this study is purely theoretical, but the researchers think we should focus a bit more on studying supermassive black holes. Because if wormholes exist, then they could teach us much more about the nature of our Universe.