Given the brand's over a century of experience in the field, you can be sure that when you buy a new Nikon camera, you will have access to a vast catalog of lenses with which to accessorize it, depending on your level of training and preferences. of style. We present you the most important information that you can use for a first navigation in this catalog.
A camera is important to materialize your travels, but also your daily life. And if you also have a performance lens that facilitates remarkable results, photography becomes child's play. This is why the Nikon manufacturer offers competitive and adaptable lenses. Read here about Nikon's main lenses and their features.
Today, Nikon DSLRs are divided into DX with crop sensor (APS-C) and FX with full-frame (35 mm), but both lens formats have the same Nikon F mount. Because this specification hasn't changed much since 1959 and to this day, modern Nikon DSLRs can (with some exceptions) use lenses from the last 60 years. This is one of the characteristics that allowed the company to retain its fans.
Nikon lens with crop sensor (DX)
Designed for beginner photographers using the brand's simplest DSLRs, such as the D3000-3200, D5000-5600, D7000-7200, the DX lenses are smaller, lighter, and usually more affordable than their FX counterparts. Impressive is the fact that Nikon offers 2 times more crop factor lenses than Canon. In addition to conventional lenses, you can buy the entire product line in this format, from fisheye and macro to telephoto lenses.
Unfortunately, the Nikon 3000, 5000, D60, D40 series models do not have a built-in focus motor, so autofocus is possible for them only in combination with AF-S G series lenses (or similar lenses from other manufacturers). ).
Nikon Full-Frame Lens (FX)
Most Nikon F lenses released for Nikon cameras are full-frame and marked FX. These lenses are designed to meet the needs of Nikon FX cameras, such as the D600, D700 and D800, and their successors.
It seems that these lenses are bigger and heavier than their DX counterparts and, as a rule, more expensive. In addition, although there are many all-around lenses in this range, most are designed for professional and advanced amateur photographers.
There are currently about 70 Nikon FX lenses on the market, to which are added many models from secondary ranges, such as Sigma, Tamron, Tokina, Samyang. In addition, you can use several generations of Nikon manual lenses with Nikon F support (especially Ai and Ai-S) without adapters.
Nikkor lens range
One of the joys of owning a DSLR is the ability to change lenses, but given the wide range of models to choose from, it's hard to know where and what to start with.
To provide an overview, the Nikkor range consists of zooms and raw lenses, such as 50 1.8 AF-D and includes wide-angle, telephoto, Macro, fisheye and PC (Perspective Control) models, plus three teleconverters.
Wide-angle lenses have a focal length of 35 mm or less (see 10-24 mm f / 3.5-4.5 or 10.5 mm f / 2.8) and are popular with landscape photographers because they emphasize close-up features and provide a long depth of field. Fisheye lenses are a variant of wide-angle lenses with an extremely wide angle of coverage, which distort the objects at the edges of the frame, causing a striking "bubble" effect.
Telephoto lenses, such as the Nikkor 55-200 mm f / 4-5.6 VR or 55-300 mm f / 4-5.6 VR models have a large focal length and a narrow angle of view, being popular with sports photographers and wildlife enthusiasts. , because it isolates the subjects and makes the objects appear enlarged in the frame.
Some Macro lenses, such as 40 mm f / 2.8 or 105 mm f / 2.8 VR , (or Micro) are capable of reproducing even the smallest details and have a very short focal length, so they are especially popular at photos of plants and insects.
PC (Perspective Control) lenses – 85 mm f / 2.8 – allow you to control the depth of field, distortion and perspective in your photos and are popular with architecture photographers.
Finally, teleconverters fit between the lens and the camera and increase the focal length of the lens, making them popular especially among nature photographers and sporting events. However, they can only be used with certain lenses, so check the manual before buying one.
Terms to know
Although Nikon does not aggressively patent names and abbreviations as other companies do, the brand continues to use some abbreviations and notations on its objectives. Also, the company uses more terms that do not appear written on the lens, but are important for understanding its specifications.
Names on Nikon lenses
Nikkor is the name of the Nikon lens division.
AF-S (AutoFocus – Silent): The abbreviation indicates that the device has a built-in Wave Silent Motor (SWM) system that allows fast, precise and extremely quiet focusing, which is excellent for wildlife photography. So, if you've been wondering what AF means , the abbreviation refers to the lens' internal focus function (AutoFocus).
DX: Implies that the lens has been specially designed for cameras with a 24 x 16 mm crop sensor. The DX lenses were designed for Nikon entry-level DSLRs with crop factor (APS-C) – D40, D60, D3000, D5000, D7000 and their successors. They can also be used on full-frame (FX) cameras in Crop mode. Specification D (Distance information) means that the lens has a manually operated diaphragm ring.
G (Genesis) is the latest generation of Nikkor lenses, which no longer have a diaphragm ring, but are electronically controlled by the focus motor.
N: If you notice a gilded inscription of the letter "N" on the lens, you will know that it has a layer of single crystals on the outside. This allows light to pass through the glass more efficiently, reducing internal reflections.
ED (Extra-low Dispersion Glass): Reduces chromatic aberrations (optical color defects) caused by different wavelengths of light that pass through the glass, but do not meet at the same point.
VR (Vibration Reduction): Allows you to maintain the shutter speed at lower speeds by detecting and compensating for repeated camera movement.
IF (Internal Focus): The lens can focus without rotating or expanding, which is great for using screw filters or shooting close subjects.